1 / 3
News Flash
    1/3LCCI reacts to the announcement of a 4 July General ElectionLCCI reacts to the announcement of a 4 July General ElectionRead more
    2/3LCCI welcomes the UK’s ratification of the CPTPPLCCI welcomes the UK’s ratification of the CPTPPRead more
    3/3New Report Reveals Economic Disparities Across LondonNew Report Reveals Economic Disparities Across LondonRead more
London Chamber of Commerce and IndustryLondon Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Contact Us

The Rise of The Foreign Exchange Market in the Era of Globalisation

In the dynamic landscape of global finance, the foreign exchange market (Forex) has emerged as a pivotal player, riding the waves of globalization to unprecedented heights. This article explores the symbiotic relationship between the rise of the Forex market and the ever-expanding contours of global interconnectedness.

Globalisation, characterised by the seamless flow of capital, goods, and information across borders, has been a driving force behind the exponential growth of the Forex market. As businesses transcend national boundaries, the need for a platform to exchange currencies becomes imperative. The Forex market, with its decentralised structure and continuous operation, perfectly aligns with the 24/5 nature of global business transactions.

Renowned economist Milton Friedman once emphasised the significance of currency markets in the context of globalisation, stating, "The foreign exchange market is the first and ultimate expression of globalization."(Friedman, 1953)2 Indeed, the Forex market serves as a barometer of economic health, reflecting the intricate web of international trade, investment, and geopolitical factors.

The advent of technology has played a pivotal role in amplifying the influence of the Forex market. The interconnectedness of the global economy is now mirrored in the seamless connectivity of traders worldwide through electronic platforms. Nobel laureate Robert Shiller encapsulates this transformation aptly, noting, "The technology at the heart of Bitcoin and other virtual currencies, blockchain is an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between two parties efficiently and verifiably." (Shiller, 2017)4.

The Forex market's growth is also propelled by the increasing importance of emerging economies in the global arena. As developing nations assert their presence on the world stage, their currencies gain prominence in the Forex market. Jim O'Neill, former Goldman Sachs Asset Management Chairman, coined the term "BRIC" to describe the collective rise of Brazil, Russia, India, and China. This economic shift has elevated previously underrepresented currencies, making the Forex market even more diverse and dynamic.

However, with great power comes great responsibility, and the Forex market is not immune to challenges. The interplay of different currencies and their values introduces volatility, and political and economic uncertainties can send shockwaves through the market. George Soros, legendary investor and philanthropist once remarked: "The financial markets generally are unpredictable. So that one has to have different scenarios... The idea that you can actually predict what's going to happen contradicts my way of looking at the market." (Soros, 2013)5.

In this era of globalisation, the importance of the Forex market as a key player in international trade and investment cannot be overstated. It acts as a catalyst for economic growth, fostering cross-border collaborations and providing a platform for price discovery. The Forex market's resilience in the face of economic challenges reflects its adaptability to the evolving landscape of global finance.

In conclusion, the foreign exchange market has ascended to unprecedented heights in the era of globalisation, embodying the interconnectedness of the world economy. As technology continues to advance and emerging economies redefine the global economic order, the Forex market stands as a testament to the adaptability and resilience required in navigating the complexities of our interconnected world.


  1. Blecker, R., 2005. Financial globalization, exchange rates and international trade. Financialization and the world economy, 1, pp.183-209.
  2. Friedman, M., 1953. The case for flexible exchange rates. Essays in positive economics, 157(203), p.33.
  3. Obstfeld, M. and Taylor, A.M., 2003. Globalization and capital markets. In Globalization in historical perspective (pp. 121-188). University of Chicago Press.
  4. Shiller, R.J., 2017. what is bitcoin really worth? don’t even ask. New York Times, 15.
  5. Soros, G., 2013. Fallibility, reflexivity, and the human uncertainty principle. Journal of Economic Methodology, 20(4), pp.309-329.

Prepared by: Sejal Singh, LCCI International Business Assistant and Researcher.